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Bitcoin mentioned around Reddit: Anyone ever ordered magic truffles online and received them? /r/Crainn

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Update and Few Thoughts, a (Well-Typed) transcript: Liza&Charles the marketeers, Voltaire kick-off, PrisM and Ebb-and-Flow to fuck ETH2.0 Gasper, the (back)log of a man and a falcon, lots of companies, September Goguen time, Basho, 2021 Titans, Basho, Hydra and much more thoughts and prayers

Hi everybody this is Charles Hoskinson broadcasting live from warm sunny Colorado. I'm trying a new streaming service and it allows me to annotate a few things and simulcast to both periscope and youtube. Let's see how this works. I also get to put a little caption. I think for the future, I'm just for a while going to put: "I will never give away ada". So, when people repost my videos for giveaway scams they at least have that. First off, a thank you, a community member named Daryl had decided to carve a log and give his artistic impression of my twitter profile picture of me and the falcon so that always means a lot when I get these gifts from fans and also I just wanted to, on the back of the Catalyst presentation, express my profound gratitude and excitement to the community.
You know it's really really cool to see how much progress has been made in such a short period of time. It was only yesterday when we were saying "when Shelley"? Now Shelley's out and it's evolving rapidly. Voltaire is now starting to evolve rapidly and we're real close to Goguen. At the end of this month we'll be able to talk around some of the realities of Goguen and some of the ideas we have and give some dates for certain things and give you a sense of where that project is at. The good news is that we have gained an enormous amount of progress and knowledge about what we need to do and how to get that done and basically people are just executing and it's a much smaller task than getting us to Shelley. With Byron to Shelley we literally had to build a completely new cryptocurrency from the ground up. We had to have new ledger rules, new update system, we had to invent a way of transitioning from one system to another system and there's hundreds of other little innovations along the way: new network stack and so forth. Byron cosmetically looks like Shelley but under the hood it's completely different and the Shelley design was built with a lot of the things that we needed for Goguen in mind. For example, we built Shelley with the idea of extended UTXO and we built Shelley understanding what the realities were for the smart contract model and that's one of the advantages you get when you do this type of bespoke engineering. There's two consequences to that, one, the integration is significantly easier, and two, the integration is significantly faster. We won't look at that same complexity there.
The product update at the end of the month... We'll really start discussing around some of these things as well as talk about partners and talk about how the development ecosystem is going to evolve. There are a lot of threads throughout all three organizations that are happening simultaneously. Emurgo, they're really thinking deeply about DeFi and they've invited us to collaborate with them on things like stablecoins for example but we're also looking at oracles (oracle pools), DEX and these other things and because there are already people in market who have made mistakes, learned lessons, it gives us the benefit of hindsight. It means we can be much faster to market and we can build much more competitive things in market and the Cardano community gets first access to these next generation DeFi applications without a lot of the problems of the prior generations and that's super beneficial to us.
You know, the other side of it, is that Voltaire is going to have a systemic influence not just on community funding but also the overall evolution and direction of the platform. The longer it exists the more pervasive it will become. Probably first applied towards the Cardano foundation roadmap but later on it will definitely have a lot of influence and say over every element aspect of the system including the launch dApps and these other things. Basically, long term, the types of problems that Cardano solves so that's incredibly appealing to me and very exciting to me because it's like I have this giant community brain with the best and brightest of all of you working with us to get us where we need to go.
You know, another thing that was super encouraging, it's a small thing, but it shows us that we're definitely in the right direction was that we recently got a demo from Pramod (Viswanath) and his team out of university of Illinois on a protocol they create called PrisM which is a super fast proof-of-work protocol and they wrote this beautiful paper and they wrote code along with it that showed that PrisM is a ten thousand times faster than Nakamoto consensus. If you take the bitcoin proof-of-work protocol, you strip it out, you put PrisM in, you can run the entire bitcoin system 10000 times faster. They have these beautiful benchmarks to show that. Even in bad network conditions. (I'm) promoting this team, they're, they're real researchers, and they're real engineers, they use a lot of cool HPC concepts like springboarding and other things like that to accommodate that. Then I asked him in the presentation, I said well, how much faster if you replay the Ethereum chain? He says, well, that it takes a big performance hit, could be only maybe a hundred times because that model is not as easy to optimize and shard with standard computer science concepts. In fact in some cases there are limitations there that really can't be overcome. It turns out that we're more on that UTXO side than we are on the account side. As a coincidence or intent of the design of extended UTXO we're gonna have a lot easier time getting much higher performance where and when it's necessary.
I also approved this week a scaling up of the Basho project. In particular, to build a hydra prototype team. The science has gotten to a point where we can make a really competitive push in that particular direction. What does that mean? It means that in just a few short months we can de-risk technological approaches that long-term will give us a lot of fruit where and when the community decides that they need infrastructure like hydra. Now, here's the beautiful thing about hydra. If you watch my whiteboard back in September of 2017 when Cardano first hit market with Byron I talked about this concept of looking at scalability with a very simple test which is as you get more people in the system it stays at the same performance or it gets faster. We all experience systems that do this, for example, bittorrent, more people downloading something you tend to be able to get it faster and we all experience the converse which is, the system gets slower when you get more people. What does this mean? It means that hydra is an actual approach towards true scalability in the system and it's a lot easier to do than sharding even though we have a beautiful approach to get the sharding on the ledger side if we truly desire to go down that way. There's beautiful ideas that we are definitely in deep discussions about. That's a very complex thing. There was recently a paper ("Ebb-and-Flow Protocols: A Resolution of the Availability-Finality Dilemma") out of Stanford that showed that the Gasper protocol as proposed for ETH2.0 does have some security concerns and it's going to be the burden on the shoulders of the Ethereum 2.0 developers and Vitalik to address those concerns from those Stanford professors. Whenever you have these very complex protocols they have so many different ways they can break and things can go wrong so it's much more appealing when you don't have to embrace complexity to achieve the same. The elegance of hydra is that stake pool operators are very natural parties to put hydra channels on and every time we add one we get much more performance out of that and the system as it gets more valuable. The k factor increases which means you get more stake pull operators, which means you get more hydra channels, so with growth we get appreciation, with appreciation we get more decentralization, with more decentralization we get more performance. In essence, this spiritually speaking, is really what we meant when we said scalability. That the system will always grow to meet its particular needs and we have a very elegant way of moving in that direction that doesn't require us to embrace very sophisticated techniques. It's not to say that these techniques don't have a place and purpose but it says that the urgency of implementing these is gone and we then have the luxury to pick the best science when it's ready instead of rushing it to market to resolve a crisis of high fees. We'll never have that crisis so there's a beauty to Cardano that is missing, I in my view, from many cryptocurrencies and blockchains in the marketplace and we're now seeing that beauty shine through. Not only through our community who are so passionate and amazing but in the science and the engineering itself and how easy it is for us to navigate the concepts. How easy it is for us to add more things, to take some things away, to clean some things up here and there and our ability to move through.
I never imagined when in 2015 I signed up to go in on this crazy ride and try to build a world financial operating system we would have made as much progress as we made today. We've written more than 75 research papers as an organization many of which are directly applicable to Cardano. We've got great partners who work with Nasa and Boeing and Pfizer, massive companies, that have 10 years of history and millions of users to come in and help us grow better. We've worked with incredible organizations, major universities like university of Wyoming, university of Edinburgh, Tokyo, tech professors all across the world. We've worked with incredible engineering firms like VacuumLabs and AtixLabs and Twig and Well-Typed, runtime verification, QuviQ and dozens of others along the years and despite the fact that at times there's been delays and friction throughout this entire journey we've mostly been aligned and we keep learning and growing. It gives me so much hope that our best days are ahead of us and an almost fanatical belief that success is inevitable in a certain respect. You see because we always find a way to be here tomorrow and we always find a way to make tomorrow a better day than today and as long as that's the trend you're monotonically increasing towards a better tomorrow, you're always going to have that outcome, you're always going to be in a position where Cardano shines bright. Towards the end of the month we'll have a lot more to say about the development side and that'll be a beginning just like Voltaire is the beginning and then suddenly you now notice the beautiful parallelism of the roadmap. Shelley continues to evolve, partial delegation is coming, in fact, I signed the contract with vacuumlabs to bring that to Ledger (and Trezor). The Daedalus team is hard at work to make that feature apparent for everyone as is the Yoroi team.
You see that, with now Voltaire, and soon was Goguen, and these are not endpoints, rather they're just beginnings and they're never over. We can always make staking better, more diverse, more merit-based and entertain different control models, have better delegation mechanics, have better user experience. The same for smart contracts, that's an endless river and along the way what we've discovered is it's easy for us to work with great minds and great people. For example with testing of smart contracts I would love to diversify that conversation above and beyond what we can come up with and bring in some firms who have done this for a long time to basically take that part with us shoulder to shoulder and build beautiful frameworks to assist us. For example, runtime verification is doing this with, the EVM with a beautiful project called Firefly to replace Truffle. I believe that we can achieve similar ends with Plutus smart contracts.
When you ask yourself what makes a system competitive in the cryptocurrency space? In my view there are four dimensions and you have to have a good story for all four of those dimensions. You need security and correctness. A lot of people don't prioritize that but when they get that wrong it hurts retail people, it hurts everyday people, billions of dollars have been lost due to the incompetence and ineptitude of junior developers making very bad mistakes and oftentimes those developers faced no consequences. The people who lost money were innocent people who believed in cryptocurrencies and wanted to be part of the movement but didn't protect themselves adequately. That's a really sad thing and it's unethical to continue pushing a model that that is the standard or the likely outcome rather than a rare edge case. You have to as a platform, a third generation platformn invest heavily in giving the developers proper tools to ensure security and correctness. We've seen a whole industry there's been great innovations out of Quantstamp and ConsenSys and dozens of other firms in the space including runtime verification who have really made major leaps in the last few years of trying to improve that story. What's unique to Cardano is that we based our foundations on languages that were designed right the first time and there's over 35 years of history for the approach that we're following in the Haskell side that allows us to build high assurance systems and our developers in the ecosystem to build high assurance systems. We didn't reinvent the wheel, we found the best wheel and we're giving it to you.
I think we're going to be dominant in that respect as we enter 2021. Second, you look at things like ease of maintenance, ease of deployment, the life cycle of the software upgrades to the software and as we've demonstrated with things like the hard fork combinator and the fact that Voltaire is not just a governance layer for ada and Cardano but will eventually be reusable for any dApp deployed on our system. You have very natural tooling that's going to allow people to upgrade their smart contracts, their dApps and enable governance for their users at an incredibly low cost and not have to reinvent the governance wheel each and every application. This is another unique property to our system and it can be reused for the dApps that you deploy on your system as I've mentioned before. Performance is a significant concern and this was often corrupted by marketers especially ICO marketers who really wanted to differentiate (and) say: "our protocol tested on a single server in someone's basement is 500000 transactions per second" and somehow that translates to real life performance and that's antithetical to anyone who's ever to study distributed systems and understands the reality of these systems and where they go and what they do and in terms of performance. I think we have the most logical approach. You know, we have 10 years of history with bitcoin, it's a massive system, we've learned a huge amount and there's a lot of papers written about, a lot of practical projects and bitcoin is about to step into the world of smart contracts. We congratulate them on getting Schnorr sigs in and the success of Taproot. That means entering 2021, 2022, we are going to start seeing legitimate dApps DeFi projects, real applications, instead of choosing Ethereum or Algorand, EOS, Cardano, choosing bitcoin and they're adding a lot to that conversation. I think that ultimately that model has a lot of promise which is why we built a better one. There are still significant limitations with what bitcoin can accomplish from settlement time to the verbosity of contracts that can be written.
The extended UTXO model was designed to be the fastest accounting and most charitable accounting model ever, on and off chain, and hydra was designed to allow you to flex between those two systems seamlessly. When you look at the foundations of where we're at and how we can extend this from domain specific languages, for domain experts, such as Marlowe to financial experts, and the DSLs that will come later, for others, like lawyers and supply chain experts in medical databases and so forth and how easy it is to write and deploy these. Plutus being beautiful glue code for both on and off chain communications. I think we have an incredibly competitive offering for performance and when hydra comes, simply put, there'll be no one faster. If we need to shard, we're going to do that and definitely better than anybody else because we know where our security model sits and there won't be surprise Stanford papers to blindside us that require immediate addressing.
In terms of operating costs, this is the last component, in my view, and that's basically how much does it cost you the developer to run your application? There are really two dimensions, one is predictability and the other is amount. It's not just good enough to say: it's a penny per transaction today. You need to know that after you spend millions of dollars and months or years of effort building something and deploying something that you're not going to wake up tomorrow and now it's five dollars to do what used to cost a penny. You need that cost to be as low as possible and as predictable as possible and again the way that we architectured our system and as we turn things on towards the end of this year and as we enter into the next year we believe we have a great approach to achieve low operating cost. One person asks why Cardano? Well because we have great security and correctness in the development experience and tools with 35 years of legacy that were built right the first time and don't put the burdens of mistakes on your customers. They ask why Cardano and we say: well the chain itself is going to give you great solutions with identity value transformation and governance itself and as a consequence when you talk about upgrading your applications having a relationship with your customers of your applications and you talk about the ease of maintenance of those applications. There's going to be a good story there and we have beautiful frameworks like Voltaire that allow that story to evolve and we keep adding partners and who have decades of experience to get us along. We won't stop until it's much better. They asked why Cardano? We said because at the moment we're 10 times faster today than Ethereum today and that's all we really need for this year and next year to be honest and in the future we can be as fast as we need to be because we're truly scalable. As the system gets more decentralized the system improves performance and where and when we need to shard we can do that. We'll have the luxury of time to do it right, the Cardano way, and when people ask why Cardano? Because the reality is, it's very cheap to do things on our platform and the way we're building things. That's going to continue being the case and we have the governance mechanisms to allow the community to readjust fees and parameters so that it can continue being affordable for users. Everything in the system will eventually be customizable and parameterizable: from block size, to transaction fees and the community will be in a good position to dynamically allocate these things where and when needed so that we can enjoy as an ecosystem predictability in our cost.
In the coming weeks and months, especially in my company, we're going to invest a lot of time and effort into comparison marketing and product marketing. When I see people say, oh well, you've launched proof of stake, a lot of other people have done. I don't think those people fully appreciate the magnitude of what we actually accomplished as an ecosystem and the quality of the protocols that are in distribution. That's not their fault, it's our fault, because we didn't take the time in simplistic terms, not scientific papers and deep code and formal specifications, but rather everyday language, to really show why we're different. I admit that that's a product failing and that needs to be corrected so we hired a great marketing director, named Liza (Horowitz?) and she is going to work full time with me and others in the ecosystem, a great team of people, every single day to get out there and explain what we have done is novel, unique, competitive and special to our industry. Everything from Ouroboros and contrast to major other protocols from the EOSes and Algorands and the Tezos of the world. Why we're different, trade-offs we chose over them, to our network stack, to the extended UTXO model, to Plutus, to Marlowe and we're going to keep hammering away at that until we get it right and everybody acknowledges and sees what has been accomplished.
I've spent five years of my life, good years of my life, and missed a lot to get this project where it needs to go. All of our employees have invested huge sums of their personal lives, their time, their brand, their careers, in trying to make this the really most magical and special cryptocurrency and blockchain infrastructure around. No one ever signed up in this company or the other companies working on Cardano to work on a mediocre protocol. That's just another blockchain, they signed up to change the world, they signed up to build a system that legitimately can look at you in the face and say: one day we have the potential to have a billion users! That's what they signed up for and they showed up to play. They built technology that evolves in that direction with some certainty and great foundations and we have an obligation to market in a way that can show the world why, succinctly, with clarity. Understandably, this has been a failing in the past but you know what? You can always be better tomorrow that monotonically increasing make it better and that's what we're going to do. We recognized it and we're going to invest in it and with Voltaire if we can't do it. You the community can do it and we'll work with you. If you can do a better job and the funding will be there to get that done. In addition to this, we think about 2021 and we ask where does the future take us? I've thought a lot about this you know I've thought a lot about how do we get the next five years as we close out 2020 and here's the reality: we're not going to leave as a company until we have smart contracts and multi-asset and Voltaire has evolved to a point where the community can comfortably make decisions about the future of the protocol and that the staking experience has solidified and it's stable.
I don't care if this costs me millions or tens of millions of dollars out of my own pocket to make happen. I'm going to do that because that's my commitment to you, the community and every product update will keep pushing our way there. We'll continue to get more transparent, we'll continue to get more aggressive and hire more and parallelize more. Aware when we can, to deliver that experience so that Cardano gets where it needs to go. Then when we ask about where do we go next? The reality is that the science as an industry, the engineering as an industry has given a menu of incredibly unique attractive and sexy things that we can pursue. What we're going to do is work with the community and the very same tools that are turning on today, the Voltaire tools, the tools and we're going to propose a consortium and we're going to bring the best and brightest together and give a vision of where we can take the system in another five years. With the benefit of hindsight, massively improved processes, better estimation capabilities and the fact that we're not starting with two people at IOG. We're starting with 250 people and the best scientific division in our industry and the legacy of almost, nearly by the end of this year, 100 scientific papers. That's us, you know what, there's dozens of companies throughout the history who have worked on Cardano. It's about time to scale them up too and get client diversity. So come next year when the protocol has evolved to the point where it's ready for it, we'll have that conversation with you the community and that's going to be a beautiful conversation. At the conclusion of it, there's going to be certainty of how we're going to evolve over the next five years to get ourselves beyond the cryptocurrency space. I'm very tired of these conversations we have about: are you going to go to (coindesk's) consensus or not? Or who's going to be the big winner? What about Libra or what about this particular regulation and this crypto unicorn and this thing?
You know I've been in the space a long time and I've noticed that people keep saying the same things year after year in the same venues. Yes, the crowd sizes get larger and the amount of value at risk gets larger but I haven't seen a lot of progress in the places where I feel it is absolutely necessary for this technology to be permanent in the developing world. We need to see economic identity. People often ask what is the mission for Cardano? For us IOG, you look at economic identity and you take a look at a roadmap. For it, you scale up and down, and each and every step along the way, from open data, to self-sovereign identity, to financial inclusion. You can keep going down: to decentralized lending, decentralized insurance, decentralized banking. Each and every step along the way to economic identity. When you admit a blockchain tells you that, there's a collection of applications and infrastructure that you need to build.
My life's work is to get to a point where we have the technology to do that. The infrastructure to do that, with principles, and so we'll keep evolving Cardano and we'll keep evolving the space as a whole and the science as a whole until I can wake up and say: each box and that road to economic identity, for all people not just one group, we have a solution for that. I'm going to put those applications on Cardano and success for me is not about us being king of the crypto hill and having a higher market cap than bitcoin or being entrepreneur of the year coindesk's most influential person. It's meaningless noise, success for me is reflecting back at the things that we have accomplished together and recognizing that millions if not billions now live in a system where they all matter, they all have a voice, they all have an equal footing. The Jeff Bezos of the world have the very same experience as the person born in Rwanda and we're not done until that's the case. It's a long road, it's a hard road, but you know what? We're making progress, we have great people in Africa, we have great people in eastern Europe, we have great people in southeast Asia and great partners all along the way. Great people, Latin America, great people in south America, great people here in the United States.
When we talk about economic identity there are millions, if not tens of millions of Americans who don't have it. Same for Canadians, hundreds of thousands, who don't have it. Developed western cultures, it's the greatest blind spot of policy and as we enter into a depression as a result of coronavirus, add millions if not tens of millions more onto that list. Generations are being disenfranchised by this legacy system and we as an ecosystem, we as an entire community are offering a different way forward. Not hyper centralizationn not social credit but a way forward where you own your own money, your own identity, your own data. You're not a victim of surveillance capitalism, you're not a victim of civil asset forfeiture. When you say the wrong things, you get shut out of society. Each and every human being matters and I'm optimistic to believe that when you remind people that they matter they're gonna rise to the occasion. That is the point of my company. In the things that we do each and every day, that's our mission to give the platforms to the world so that those who don't have economic identity can get it and they can keep it and no one can take it from them and they can enjoy an ever increasing growth of standard of living wealth and prosperity.
However you want to measure that this is my goal post, I couldn't care less about the cryptocurrency space. It was a great place to start but the space needs to be reminded why it exists. Bitcoin was given a mandate on the back of the 2008 financial crisis to do something different. It was not given a mandate to go be a new settlement layer for central banks or a new way for the old guard to make more money and banks get bigger and for those who are in control to preserve their power. The whole point of doing something so crazy as to buy a coin that doesn't even exist in real life, that's just a bunch of numbers in the cloud, the whole point of that was so that we as a society could do something different than the way that we'd been doing things before. So, each and every member of the cryptocurrency space needs to remind everyone else from time to time why we're here and where did we come from and where are we going to go.
The beauty of Cardano is we have already achieved for the most part a decentralized brain and that momentum is pushing harder than ever. More and more scientists are waking up, more and more institutions are waking up, getting us there. The code we have, the right approach and I think we have a great competitive offering for 2021 as we go and battle the titans and that's going to be a lot of fun but we know who we are and where we're going and we're in the right places. It's so incredibly encouraging to see the stake pool operators not just be from California or Texas or New York or Canada. To see a lot of stake pool operators from the place that need the most, help everybody does matter and it means a lot to me for the people who are there but it means a lot to everybody to say that we have created an equal platform. It makes the participation of all of us so much more meaningful. We're not just talking to each other, we're talking to the world and by working together on this platform we're lifting the world up and giving people hope. That's the point, there's a lot more to do, we didn't get everything done. You never do you aspire, you work hard, you set a moon, shot and sometimes you can just get to orbit with the first go but you know what? When you build the next rocket you can go to Mars.
Thank you all for being with me, thank you all for being part of this. Today was a damn good day with the announcement of Voltaire. Go to You can participate in that, so end of September is going to be a good day too. There's a lot of good days to come, in between a lot of hard days, doing tasks sometimes entirely forgettable but always necessary to keep the revolution going and the movement going. I cannot wait for 2021, our best days are ahead of us, because of you. You all take care now .
Other things mentioned: (TWIG) (PrisM and not our Prism
Ebb-and-Flow Protocols: A Resolution of the Availability-Finality Dilemma (aka Gasper and ETH2.0 fucker)
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Establishing a smart contract commercial scenario: Chainlink, Zk-Snarks and sharding technology work together to make the ultimate killer

This text was translated from Chinese, open following link in Chrome and translate to see all images:
EDIT: found an English text with pictures:
Author: Feng Jie translation: Liu Sha
“The highest state of technology is to integrate into the various scenes of everyday life, to fade away from high-tech outerwear and become a part of everyday life.” – Mark Weiser
People in the future will not even think that smart contracts are "innovative." By that time, smart contracts would permeate every aspect of life, and people couldn't even imagine what the era of non-digital currency would look like.
Later historians may divide human business history into two eras, the pre-smart contract era and the post-smart contract era. After all, digital money has brought unprecedented changes to the nature and patterns of business practices in the real world. An anonymous member of the Chainlink community once said: "Smart contracts can change the DNA of the business."
Of course, like all the technological revolutions of the past, smart contracts also need to reach a "tipping point" to truly achieve large-scale applications. So we need to ask ourselves two questions:
  1. What exactly is this so-called tipping point?
  2. As of August 2019, have we reached this tipping point?
To reach the tipping point means unlocking the ultimate nirvana of business.
Tipping point We can think about this issue from the perspective of mainstream companies. Imagine what a perfect smart contract platform should look like. What characteristics should this platform have? Or what features must be possessed?
To reach the tipping point, you must establish a public chain with the following four characteristics:
  1. Privacy protection
  2. In addition to the cryptocurrency, the transaction can also be settled in mainstream legal currency and comply with the regulatory requirements of financial markets such as ISO 20022.
  3. Achieve scalability without sacrificing decentralization or security, that is, solving the "impossible triangle problem."
  4. Connect the external data under the chain, that is, solve the "prophecy problem."
Now that we have Chainlink, zk-snarks and sharding technology, we have reached this tipping point.
Next, let's explore how this ultimate nirvana is actually made. Our discussion will be mainly from the perspective of Ethereum, which is still the top smart contract platform for community size and mainstream applications.
So what about the private chain?
Before delving into it, I want to take the time to solve an unavoidable problem. The mainstream view has always believed that the private chain is a more suitable solution for the enterprise. Therefore, we first dialectically analyze the two advantages and two major drawbacks of the private chain.
  1. Centralization leads to relatively lower security
It's not surprising that IBM and Maersk's blockchain freight alliances have a hard time finding customers who are willing to join. How can other freight companies be willing to let their biggest competitors (Maersk) verify their trading data? Only madmen dare to do this.
  1. The staking of the horses occupy the hills:
This problem is even more serious than centralization. John Wolpert, co-founder of the IBM blockchain, wrote an excellent article called Breaking the Barriers to Realize Security: Why Companies Should Embrace the Ethereum Public Chain, which he covered in detail in the article.
If every company builds its own private chain, it will lead to chaos in the mountains. Today's B2B ecosystem is very complex. Imagine the innumerable private chains of the world intertwined to form a huge "spider web." This is not only cost-effective, but also not scalable.
The starting point of the blockchain is to break down barriers instead of building more barriers.
"One day, one of your big buyers called you to ask if you want to join their private chain. You promised. The next day you received a call from the wholesaler to ask you the same question. Then came the supplier, freight. Business, insurance company or even bank, and each company may have several private chains! Finally you have to invest a lot of time and cost to operate dozens of blockchains every day . If there are partners to let you join them at this time The private chain, you might say "Forget it, or fax me the order!" ”—Paul Brody (Ernst & Young)
“Every time you connect two private chains through a system integrator, you have to pay a lot of money .”
  1. Scalability: With the Ethereum public chain implementing fragmentation technology, this advantage is rapidly shrinking.
  2. Privacy protection: At this stage, the classification of public chain / private chain is actually not very accurate. The Aztec , Zether, and Nightfall protocols (both based on the zk-snarks protocol) effectively provide a "private chain model" for the Ethereum public chain, allowing it to switch between the public and private chains. Therefore, a more accurate classification should be the alliance chain and the public chain.
By 2020, the label of the public chain/private chain will gradually disappear. The public and private chains will no longer be two opposing concepts. Instead, the concept of publicly traded/private transactions and confidential contracts/open contracts is changed, and the scope of these transactions and contracts varies according to specific needs, either bilaterally or multilaterally or even publicly.
All in all, the private chain has two major drawbacks compared to the public chain. Not only that, but the two major advantages of the private chain are also rapidly disappearing.
“Technology will evolve over time, so there will be a variety of solutions to solve existing problems. Ultimately, the public-chain platform will have the same performance, scalability and data privacy as the private chain, while at the same time ensuring security and Decentralized."
Feature 1: Privacy protection (predictive machine and public chain privacy)
Enigma founder Guy Zyskind once joked in his MIT graduation thesis that smart contracts can only become commercially valuable if they become "confidential contracts." He later proposed that zk-snarks and Trusted Execution Environment (TEE) are the most promising solutions. He said nothing wrong.
What is zk-snarks ? Zk-snarks is a zero-knowledge proof mechanism (ZPK). So what is the zero-knowledge proof mechanism? In short: a zero-knowledge proof mechanism allows you to prove that you own certain information without revealing the content of the information.
Vitalik Buterin explained this concept in detail from a technical point of view in an article published in 2017. Hackernoon also wrote an excellent article explaining the concept in an easy-to-understand way with the example of a five-year-old child and Halloween candy.
What is the trusted execution environment? The trusted execution environment lets the code run on closed hardware, and
1 ) The guarantee result cannot be tampered with
2 ) Protecting absolute privacy, even hardware running code can't get confidential information.
The most well-known trusted execution environment is Intel SGX. Chainlink has established a partnership with Intel SGX after acquiring Tom Crier.
Ernst & Young released the Nightfall agreement on Github on May 31, 2019. A well-known accounting firm with a history of 100 years will choose to add privacy features to the public chain instead of developing a private chain. This is a problem.
Since then, the community has been actively developing on this basis, not only to improve the code, but also to develop a plug-and-play Truffle Box for those who are not good at writing code. Blockchain communities and businesses generally rarely collaborate, so these collaborations fully demonstrate the popularity of Nightfall.
Prior to this, two zk-snark-based Ethereum public chain privacy protocols were introduced, namely AZTEC (Consensys) and Zether (Stanford, JPMorgan Chase). An obvious trend is slowly taking shape.
In the field of oracles, Chainlink uses both zero-knowledge proof and a trusted execution environment to complement each other. Trusted execution environments guarantee data privacy, even for nodes that cannot access data (this feature is critical for bank accounts and API keys).
Chainlink is still trying to implement a trusted execution environment, and nodes can access data temporarily, so authentication services are also needed. Although the credible execution environment is almost 100% foolproof, in theory, a strong shield has a spear that can penetrate it. Therefore, the team is currently trying to run zk-snarks in a trusted execution environment (Thomas Hodges mentioned this in the 2019 Trufflecon Q&A session). The combination of the two can form a very robust and complete system. The attacker must find a way to strip all the layers of an onion at the same time to make any effective attack (and it is already difficult to peel off a layer of skin).
“Chainlink combines a trusted execution environment with zero-knowledge proof to build what we call a defense-in-depth system, which means they provide all the tools needed for smart contract developers, including trusted execution environments, multiple nodes, and Data sources, fine margins, reputation systems, asymmetric encryption, zero-knowledge proofs, WASM, and OTP+RNG, these features allow smart contract developers to adjust the confidentiality and cost of contracts based on specific budget and security needs. Machine, Chainlink and its four major application scenarios》
In the future, zk-snarks may be upgraded to zk-starks (a fully transparent zero-knowledge proof mechanism) that protects the system from quantum computer attacks. And the best thing about zk-starks is that it's more scalable than zk-snarks. In other words, it can better protect privacy, and the cost of gas will not increase.
If you want to learn more about zk-starks, you can read a popular science article written by Adam Luciano.
Feature 2: Scalability (scalability of predictive machines and public chains) To understand this problem, we can make an analogy like this:
A public chain is like a large enterprise, and every employee (ie, a node) must attend each meeting (ie, confirm each transaction). Imagine how inefficient this company is! Only customers who have a lot of money (ie gas fees) can get their requests to the forefront. And this is not the most serious problem. The most serious problem is that the more employees (ie nodes) who join the company, the harder it is for the company to function properly! In the end, the company not only failed to expand linearly, but also became smaller and smaller. Although this guarantees decentralization and security to the greatest extent, the price is completely abandoning scalability.
There are various temporary fire fighting solutions, but no one solution can completely solve this "impossible triangle problem." For example, EOS uses the DPOS mechanism (share authorization certification mechanism), where only 21 super nodes (many of which are well-known nodes) are responsible for verifying all transactions.
Sidechains (such as Bitcoin's Lightning Network and Ethereum's lightning network) guarantee scalability and decentralization at the expense of security.
So how to use the fragmentation technology to solve this problem? Let's make another analogy:
In reality, there is only one company that is not too much to ask everyone to attend all meetings, that is, small start-ups (that is, private chains that limit the number of nodes).
In most cases, large companies divide employees into thousands of teams (ie, shards), and each team's principal (ie, the certifier) ​​is responsible for reporting to the senior management (ie, the main chain). If people from different teams need to collaborate (and sometimes also), then they can collaborate by cross-shard receipts. If a new employee joins the company, the team can be re-segmented (ie re-sharding). This allows for linear expansion.
In fact, the process of developing a start-up to a large enterprise is surprisingly similar to the process of Ethereum 1.0 developing into Ethereum 2.0.
“The Ethereum 1.0 period is that several people who are alone are trying to build a world computer; and Ethereum 2.0 will really develop into a world computer.” Vitalik Buterin said in the first piece of the workshop.
Since Ethereum was not originally built on the principle of fragmentation, it takes seven steps to achieve the goal (this is a bit like the word morphing solitaire game). The first step is planned for January 3, 2020.
At the same time, developers can use many other blockchain platforms designed based on the fragmentation principle. Some platforms, including Zilliqa and Quarkchain, are already compatible with Chainlink.
If you want to see more in-depth technical analysis of shards, check out an article by Ramy Zhang.
In the field of oracles, Chainlink has the following two characteristics:
1 ) Use Schnorr threshold signatures to quickly reach consensus in a cost-effective manner. The next version of the chain only needs 16,000 gas.
2 ) We have previously discussed the need to use trusted execution environment hardware to ensure that nodes cannot access sensitive data. Since you have hardware in your hand, you can use it to do some actual computing work, so that you can properly reduce the amount of computation on the smart contract platform.
"With the SGX system (Town Crier) and zero-knowledge proof technology, the oracle can be truly reliable and confidential, so the boundaries between the oracle and the smart contract are beginning to flow... Our long-term strategy... is to let The predictor becomes the key chain of computing resources used by most smart contracts. We believe that the way to achieve this goal is to perform chain operations in the oracle to meet various computing needs, and then send the results to the smart contract."Chainlink White Paper, Section 6.3 (26 pages)
Of course, this “long-term strategy” has certain risks, unless Chainlink can implement a trusted execution environment and its service provider ecosystem can achieve a qualitative leap. However, the Chainlink team's vision is absolutely forward-looking: under-chain computing is a key factor in ensuring that blockchains are not dragged down by large amounts of IoT data.
The Internet of Things has dramatically increased the current state of big data. At present, most of the data is still generated on the software side, and it is not real-time data, and most of the data in the future will be real-time data generated on the sensor side. One of the big drawbacks of real-time data is that it increases storage pressure. For example, Coughlin Associates expects an unmanned car to generate 1G of data per second. This means that the same car will produce 3.6T data per hour!
The only viable solution is to do real-time analysis of the data, rather than storing the data first. In the Global Cloud Index: 2016-2021 Forecast and Methodology White Paper, Cisco predicts that more than 90% of data in 2021 will be analyzed in real time without storage.
That is to say, the essence of data is that it can only exist in just one instant. The nature of the blockchain is not to be modified, so the two are as incompatible as water and oil.
The solution is to analyze the raw data under the chain, extract the meaningful results and send them to the blockchain. The combination of fragmentation technology and trusted execution environment forms a new computing architecture, similar to the cloud computing-fog computing-edge computing architecture.
It should be noted here that it is good to improve computing power, but this is not the main purpose of the blockchain.
The fundamental purpose of the blockchain is not to reduce the original cost of computing and data storage. After all, technology giants such as Amazon, Microsoft, Google, Salesforce, Tencent, Alibaba, and Dropbox have built world-class cloud services. The centralized server wins high computational efficiency (but the blockchain will greatly improve the computational efficiency through fragmentation technology, and will catch up with it one day). The value of the blockchain is to reduce the cost of building trust. Nick Szabo calls it "social scalability" (this is a relative concept to the "operational" scalability we have been talking about). Vitalik Buterin also made it clear that the meaning of smart contracts is to accept small arithmetic delay penalties in exchange for a substantial reduction in "social costs."
Alex Coventry of the Chainlink team once raised the question: "We have missed many opportunities for cooperation and reciprocity because we can't confirm whether the other party will fulfill the promise?"
Is there any potential for data storage projects like Siacoin and IPFS? What about decentralized computing projects like SONM and Golem?
Siacoin 's core value proposition is not that its computing efficiency is higher than traditional cloud services. The cost of computing is required to split, repeat, and reassemble data. And companies are more capable of buying the latest and greatest hardware than individuals. Siacoin's core value proposition is to process data in an Airbnb-like mode, so management fees will be lower than traditional models. It also generates additional social value, such as flood control, privacy and security, and anti-censorship.
The same is true of Golem and SONM. Even with the most efficient protocol, it is inevitable that a small amount of delay will be imposed and fined to coordinate the hardware of different geographical locations. Therefore, under the condition that all other conditions are equal, the centralized hardware still has the advantage of faster computing speed. However, the core value proposition of the above project is to use the Airbnb-like model to reduce management costs.
We must strictly distinguish between "social scalability" and "operational scalability", and the two cannot be confused. I will explain these two concepts in detail when I discuss "Magic Bus and Lightweight Library" later.
Feature 3: Compatible with legal currency
Most mainstream companies do not regard cryptocurrencies as "real currencies." In addition, even if someone wants to use cryptocurrency for trading, it is very difficult to actually operate because of its high price volatility. I discussed the “price volatility problem” in detail in Chapters 8 and 9 of the previous article. These problems do not completely erase the existence value of cryptocurrencies, because cryptocurrencies also have many advantages that legal currency does not have. I am just emphasizing what we need to know more about the comfort zone of mainstream companies.
Chainlink acts as a universal API connector that triggers open banking payments. Chainlink is fully compliant with ISO 20022 and has established a long-term partnership with SWIFT (it is worth mentioning that SWIFT has not been updated for a long time and hopes to be updated after the SIBOS 2019 conference).
PSD2 will take effect on September 14, 2019. All banks in the EU will all comply with this new regulation by then. In other words, the bank must put all account data in the "front end" and can be called through the API. The approved third party (ie, the Chainlink node) can trigger the payment directly without the payment service provider.
Although the United States and Japan have not adopted similar laws, many banks still spontaneously promote the development of open banks. Banks open APIs to third-party developers to create new revenue streams and customer experiences that ultimately increase profitability. In addition, this will allow banks to better respond to competitors in the mobile payment and financial technology sectors in an APP-centric economic model.
As this open banking revolution continues, Chainlink will connect smart contracts with the world's major currencies (US dollar, euro, yen, etc.).
Only one external adapter is required to connect to the authenticated API. From a programming perspective, it is relatively simple to allow everyone in the community to contribute code to the code base (and thus achieve scalability). Chainlink has released adapters for PayPal and Mister Tango (European version of PayPal).
Feature 4: Data connection with the chain
Chainlink has been working on solving the "prophecy problem" and successfully succeeded on the main online line on May 30, 2019.
Chainlink has made many achievements in just a few months. Provable (formerly Oraclize) was successfully used on the Chainlink node and finally settled the debate about whether the predictor should be centralized or decentralized.
Synthetic Ether lost 37 million Ethercoins in a hack because it did not connect to Chainlink. Fortunately, the money was finally recovered and did not cause any loss. This lesson illustrates the importance of decentralized oracles.
In addition, both Oracle and Google have partnered with Chainlink to monetize their API data and create a virtuous circle to capture the market opportunities that Facebook missed.
There are new nodes coming online every week, and the network activity has been very high. The Chainlink team maintains a list of certified nodes in the documentation and Twitter releases. Twitter user CryptoSponge also set up a new development for the Tableau push update Chainlink team:
Regarding the importance of the current stage in the history of blockchain development, Brad Huston summed it up very brilliantly:
"The biggest problem with cryptocurrencies is to build bridges between cryptocurrencies, fiat currencies and big data. Chainlink is very beautifully narrowing the distance between the three. Now it can even be said: 'The bridge has been built.'"
Magic bus and lightweight library
Let's summarize what we discussed earlier. The real purpose of the blockchain is to reduce the cost of building trust and achieve "social scalability."
Therefore, according to this logic, the main application scenarios of platforms such as Ethereum 2.0 and Zilliqa should be in the B2B field. I quote a sentence I wrote in a previous article:
“My conclusion is: If the smart contract is successful, it will also succeed in the B2B field first.”
The private chain itself is self-contradictory and destined to fail. It has led to the phenomenon of occupying the hills, thus increasing the social cost, which is in opposition to B2B itself, and ultimately it is self-restraint. ”
Before the emergence of fragmentation technology, even simple games (ie, etheric cats) could not be smoothly run on the public chain, let alone dealing with complex B2B contracts and even changing commercial DNA. With the sharding technology, everything is ready.
Despite this, we can't use Ethereum 2.0 as an all-powerful platform. Just now we said that although it is a good thing to speed up the calculation, this is not the real purpose of Ethereum 2.0. And before we also said that due to the irreversible modification of the blockchain, it is not good to deal with a large number of fleeting real-time data of the Internet of Things. In other words, we must be soberly aware that Ethereum 2.0 will not replace traditional web 2.0. Instead, we should make better use of the real advantages of Ethereum 2.0:
“There is a new concept now, that is to think of the Ethereum main network as a global bus... We use the Ethereum 2.0 main network to treat various business resources as a working group on Slack: it can be easily built and integrated. And restructuring. The SAP inventory management system in your company, the dealer's JD Edwards ERP system, and the financial technology partner's tall blockchain system can seamlessly interface, eliminating the need to develop an infrastructure specifically for each partner." - John Wolper describes his ideal "magic bus"
Ethereum 2.0 should be an integration center, not a data center or computing center. It should be a library built specifically to store B2B contract terms (to be honest, even with fragmentation technology, the amount of data is large enough).
We should not expect Ethereum 2.0 to be an all-powerful platform, but rather develop it into a "lightweight library."
If we reorder the pyramid model just now, the architecture of the magic bus is obvious:
Of course, the positional relationship in the above model is not static. With the development of 5G technology, edge computing and IoT sensors, they may bypass the cloud to directly interact (or even bypass the fog end). If the collaboration between Iotex and Chainlink is successful, then the edge can interact directly with the trusted execution environment.
Time will tell if Airbnb's shared data storage and computing model can make management costs lower than the current mainstream Web 2.0 model. Time will also prove whether the market really needs anti-censorship, anti-tampering, security protection and privacy protection. Do users really care about these social values ​​and are willing to pay for them? Do they think these are just the icing on the cake or the most fundamental value?
in conclusion
Whether it is the battle between web2.0 and web3.0 or the battle between cryptocurrency and legal currency, one thing is beyond doubt:
We have reached the tipping point, and the era of smart contracts with commercial value has arrived.
In fact, the only problem at the moment is the time issue, and the main roadblocks have been basically cleared.
  1. When will Ethereum 2.0 finish these 7 stages and be officially released?
  2. When will Chainlink use a trusted execution environment on a large scale? If the cooperation between Intel SGX and Town Crier fails, what alternative plans are there? Will Chainlink communicate with other blockchain teams that plan to use a trusted execution environment (such as Dawn Song's Oasis Labs)?
At present, the main technical problems in the ecosystem have been solved, and now it is only necessary to recruit a group of enthusiastic developers to do the work of “connecting the line”.
Digital currency has changed commercial DNA, and the future is full of possibilities.
The only thing that hinders us now is our own imagination. The future is infinitely imaginative, and the future will be the world of developers. Dapps is already overwhelming. There is no doubt that we have found the ultimate nirvana.
This text was translated from Chinese, open following in Chrome and translate to see all images:
submitted by QuantLink to LINKTrader [link] [comments]

[SG] Selling over 500 Steam games (keys)


Welcome to my Steam Dogecoin store.

I'm selling a few games and various inventory items.

Simply message me here or add me on Steam and we can get started!
Quite a lot of my game stock isn't available due to time restrictions so if you want a game let me know and i'll get back to you if I have it.
Here's a link my Steam inventory
Game name Price (Doge) Stock Has Cards
The Deer 250 20 Yes
$1 Ride 250 5 Yes
1,000 Heads Among the Trees 250 5 Yes
12 Labours of Hercules II: The Cretan Bull 625 1 Yes
3D Tower 500 4 No
A Land Fit For Heroes 525 4 No
A Long Road Home 375 1 Yes
A Trip to Yugoslavia: Director s Cut 525 5 Yes
A Week of Circus Terror 500 1 No
AI: Rampage 225 4 No
ANKI 375 1 Yes
ASMR Universe 200 4 Yes
Ablepsia 625 1 No
Abrix for kids 500 1 Yes
Abrix the robot 500 3 Yes
Absoloot 625 4 Yes
Abstract Arena 500 3 No
Achievement Hunter: Begins 475 3 No
Across The Moment 425 4 Yes
Adventure Rage 400 4 No
Adventures On The Polluted Islands 400 1 Yes
Adventures of Abrix 525 5 Yes
Akihabara - Feel the Rhythm 600 2 Yes
Alchemy Mysteries: Prague Legends 500 5 Yes
Alien Hallway 525 1 No
Alien Shooter 2: Reloaded 550 1 No
Alien Shooter: Revisited 425 1 No
All Evil Night 425 4 No
Among the Heavens 500 4 Yes
Ampu-Tea 375 1 Yes
Andoran Skye XD 325 3 No
Apartment 666 500 5 Yes
Apocalypse: The Game 450 1 No
Apokalypsis 500 3 Yes
Approaching Blocks 425 3 Yes
Archangel 425 2 No
Arkhelom 3D 400 5 No
Art of Guile 400 4 No
Attack Of Insects 475 2 No
Attempt[42] 500 2 Yes
Aztecalypse 200 5 Yes
BALLOON Saga 525 5 Yes
Ballistick 175 5 Yes
Baobabs Mausoleum 450 4 No
Battle of Painters 400 1 No
BattleTime 425 2 Yes
Bayou Island - Point and Click Adventure 525 2 No
Behind The Door 375 4 No
Big Journey to Home 575 5 Yes
Bitcoin Clicker 525 2 Yes
Bloodbath Kavkaz 525 1 Yes
Bomb Defense 425 3 No
BomberZone 500 2 Yes
BoomTown! Deluxe 425 5 No
Botology 425 3 Yes
Breakout Invaders 400 4 No
Broken Dreams 250 5 Yes
Bullet Life 2010 325 4 No
Bumper 450 2 Yes
Bunker 58 425 4 Yes
Bunnyrama 550 5 Yes
Burst 325 2 Yes
CT Special Forces: Fire for Effect 200 3 No
Call Of The Mighty Warriors 525 1 Yes
Captain Backwater 425 2 No
Captain Lycop : Invasion of the Heters 500 2 Yes
Car Washer: Summer of the Ninja 600 5 Yes
Castle 425 2 Yes
Castle Werewolf 3D 450 5 Yes
Catch a Falling Star 625 5 Yes
Caves! 425 3 Yes
Chaos and the White Robot 525 4 No
City Siege: Faction Island 525 3 No
Clockwise 550 1 Yes
Cobi Treasure Deluxe 350 2 No
Collider 200 2 No
Colorless Life 425 3 No
Cooking Witch 400 1 Yes
Copter and Sky 425 5 No
Cosmic Dust and Rust 300 2 Yes
Countless Rooms of Death 600 1 Yes
Cowboy zombie 475 1 Yes
Crazy Buggy Racing 500 3 Yes
Creature Clicker - Capture, Train, Ascend! 475 1 Yes
Crystals of Time 450 1 Yes
Cube Master: Light Adventure (russian only) 200 1 Yes
Cubesis 600 1 No
Cubic 200 4 Yes
Cublast HD 375 3 Yes
Cubotrox 525 5 Yes
Cubway 525 3 Yes
DGU: Death God University 375 4 No
Dark Raid 625 4 No
Dark Shadows - Army of Evil 500 3 Yes
Darkness Ahead 600 2 Yes
Darkness Assault 550 4 Yes
Darkness and a Crowd 400 1 No
De-Void 275 4 Yes
Dead6hot 250 2 Yes
Deep Fear 475 4 Yes
Deep Space Dash 200 5 Yes
Defence to death 250 2 Yes
Defense of Roman Britain 425 4 No
Demon Horde Master 475 1 Yes
DepthMera 400 3 No
Desert Thunder 225 1 No
Desolate Wastes: Vendor Chronicles 425 2 Yes
Dino Run DX 475 2 Yes
Distorted Reality 500 1 No
Door to Door 250 5 Yes
Dots eXtreme 500 3 Yes
Doug and Lily 425 2 Yes
Dracula s Legacy 525 2 Yes
Drayt Empire 450 2 Yes
Dream Dealer 450 5 Yes
Drift (Over) Drive 300 2 No
Drive Megapolis 275 3 Yes
Duckles: the Jigsaw Witch 325 2 Yes
Dwarflings 500 1 Yes
Eaten Alive 200 5 Yes
Elements II: Hearts of Light 525 4 Yes
Elems 425 4 Yes
Elly The Jelly 525 5 No
Elysium: Blood Games 425 5 Yes
Epic Showdown 225 2 No
Epsilon corp. 275 5 Yes
Eron 400 2 No
Escape From BioStation 425 3 Yes
Escape Machines 250 5 Yes
Escape from here 475 1 Yes
Eternal Maze 525 2 No
Eurofighter Typhoon 200 3 No
Existentia 325 5 Yes
Fable Rush 475 2 No
Fairyland: Fairy Power 500 2 Yes
Fairyland: Incursion 500 3 Yes
Fall of Civilization 400 1 Yes
Family cobweb 375 2 Yes
Far Space Halloween edition 475 5 No
Far Space VR 450 5 Yes
Felix Jumpman 525 3 Yes
Final Quest 425 2 Yes
Final Quest II 175 2 Yes
Finnish Roller 325 4 Yes
Fjong 400 1 No
Fluffy 500 1 Yes
Fly Destroyer 400 2 No
Frankenstein: Master of Death 550 2 Yes
FreeFly Burning 275 2 Yes
Freebie 325 3 Yes
FrightShow Fighter 475 2 No
Fruit Sudoku 475 5 Yes
Fruit Sudoku 3 525 5 No
GEARGUNS Tank offensive 500 5 Yes
Gal-X-E 325 3 Yes
Galactic Fighter 500 2 Yes
Galaxy Admirals 550 3 Yes
Game Tycoon 2 275 3 Yes
Gamma Bros 1.5 350 1 No
Gelu 500 5 No
Gem Monster 525 1 Yes
Germ Wars 275 1 Yes
Glacier 3: The Meltdown 200 5 No
Glass Masquerade 425 3 Yes
Glass Wing 350 5 No
Glorkian Warrior: The Trials Of Glork 500 5 Yes
Glow 475 4 No
Go Mission: Space Travel 200 2 Yes
Gold Rush In The Oort Cloud 425 5 No
Golden Swords 650 4 Yes
GooCubelets 325 4 Yes
Goro 475 3 No
Grand Pigeon s Duty 500 2 Yes
Grass Cutter 450 2 Yes
Greedy Trolley 400 4 No
Green Game: TimeSwapper 525 4 No
Grind Zones 550 3 Yes
Guardian s Oath 400 2 No
Guide The Ball 425 4 No
Gunman Taco Truck 425 2 No
Guns n Zombies 400 5 Yes
Hacker Evolution Duality 500 4 No
Hacker Evolution: Untold 500 4 Yes
Hacker Series 475 3 No
HardBall 425 5 No
HardCube 500 1 Yes
Hardcore Survival 475 3 Yes
Hardcore ZBoy 550 1 No
Heavy Destinies 400 1 No
Hell s Little Story 400 2 Yes
Hero Quest: Tower Conflict 250 2 Yes
Heroes of Dark Dungeon 450 4 Yes
Heroic Dungeon 475 3 No
Hidden Object - Sweet Home 475 3 No
Hope in Hell 375 3 No
Hover Hazard 575 3 Yes
Hyper Bounce Blast 300 1 Yes
Hyper Box 525 4 No
Hyper Fighters 225 4 No
Hyper color ball 325 5 Yes
Immune - True Survival 425 4 Yes
Inferno Puzzle 250 2 No
Infinitum 525 3 Yes
Intralism 425 1 Yes
Invasion 525 4 Yes
Invasion: Brain Craving 300 4 Yes
Invention 475 3 Yes
Invisibox 475 2 Yes
Ionball 2: Ionstorm 325 4 Yes
Iron Sky: Invasion 525 3 Yes
Itineris 500 5 Yes
Izanami s Dream Battle 300 4 No
Jack Orlando: Director s Cut 450 1 Yes
Jagged Alliance 2 - Wildfire 450 4 Yes
Janken Cards 475 3 No
Jet Buster 425 3 Yes
Jet Racing Extreme 425 4 Yes
Joana s Life 500 2 No
Job the Leprechaun 350 5 Yes
Johnny Graves—The Unchosen One 525 2 No
Joy Pony 350 5 No
Judgement 400 3 No
Jump Like A Pirate 500 3 Yes
Jupiteration 400 1 No
Kabitis 200 3 Yes
Karma Miwa 625 2 Yes
Kivi, Toilet and Shotgun 200 1 Yes
Knife Battles 500 4 Yes
Krampus 350 4 Yes
Kronos 400 2 No
LA soul 375 5 No
LUXIS 525 3 Yes
Labyrinth Escape 500 5 No
Laraan 300 4 Yes
Last Horizon 450 4 No
Last Soldier 350 1 No
Leashed Soul 350 4 Yes
Let s Draw 275 2 Yes
Life Beetle 500 1 Yes
Linked 500 4 Yes
Locked-in syndrome 425 5 Yes
Loot Hero DX 525 5 Yes
Lost In Woods 2 525 4 Yes
Lost Moon 625 3 Yes
Love is Blind: Mutants 475 5 Yes
Lucid 400 4 No
M1: A Death in the Desert 450 2 No
MAZ! 425 5 No
MAZE LORD 500 2 Yes
MY FIGHT 525 1 Yes
Mad Nords: Probably an Epic Quest 500 4 Yes
Magdalena 650 2 Yes
Magma Tsunami 475 2 Yes
Malavision: The Origin 375 2 Yes
Marine Sharpshooter II: Jungle Warfare 375 1 No
Mars Industries 625 5 Yes
Masha Rescues Grandma 525 5 Yes
Match 3 Revolution 400 3 No
Mech Ace Combat - Trainer Edition 450 3 No
Megapolis 475 1 Yes
Merlin adventurer store 450 4 Yes
Midnight Carnival 175 3 Yes
Milford Heaven - Luken s Chronicles 575 5 Yes
Mission: Wolf 525 5 Yes
Mondrian - Abstraction in Beauty 500 4 Yes
Monster Puzzle 325 5 Yes
Morphine 300 5 Yes
Mortifero Motus 550 1 Yes
Mover 450 5 No
Mystery Mine 475 5 Yes
NakedMan VS The Clothes 500 5 No
Nash Racing 650 5 Yes
NeoBoom 250 2 Yes
NeonGalaxy Wars 650 1 No
New kind of adventure 425 2 Yes
Nightork Adventures 450 2 Yes
Nightork Adventures 2 - Legacy of Chaos 425 2 No
No Way Out 525 5 Yes
Not without my donuts 650 3 Yes
Numba Deluxe 450 4 No
Nyctophobia 575 1 Yes
O! STRELALKA!!! 450 3 No
ORBITAL 325 4 Yes
Odd Even 375 4 Yes
Office Battle 450 1 Yes
One Star 525 2 Yes
OneScreen Wagons 475 2 No
Other Tanks 500 4 Yes
Our Wonderful World 625 5 Yes
Out for blood 475 3 No
Overhell 400 5 Yes
PARSE 500 1 No
PIRATADO 1 400 2 No
PLAYERUNKN4WN: Zombie 450 4 No
Paddle Battle 500 4 No
Painted Memories 500 3 Yes
Paradigm Shift 450 2 No
Perfect Fit - Totemland 450 2 Yes
Phobia 575 5 No
Photon Flux 425 5 Yes
Pills4Skills 600 1 Yes
Ping 425 2 No
Pixel War 600 4 No
Plantera 500 5 Yes
Police: Destruction Street 550 3 Yes
Potatoman Seeks the Troof 375 4 Yes
Power of Love 450 4 Yes
Pressured 375 3 Yes
Princess.Loot.Pixel.Again 575 3 Yes
Project Abyss 400 5 Yes
Project Druid - 2D Labyrinth Explorer- 100 3 No
Project RPG 475 3 Yes
Project Starship 275 2 Yes
PulseCharge 275 5 Yes
Pure Mind 425 4 No
Puzzle Ball 325 4 Yes
Puzzle Galaxies 275 1 Yes
Puzzle Station 15th Anniversary Retro Release 100 3 No
Q.U.I.R.K. 525 3 No
RFLEX 525 3 No
ROMBY 550 1 No
ROTii 525 3 Yes
Rabiez: Epidemic 200 5 No
Radical Spectrum: Volume 1 575 3 Yes
Real 1942 400 5 No
Recovery Search and Rescue Simulation 475 4 No
Red Number: Prologue 350 1 No
Redemption: Saints And Sinners 375 4 Yes
Reflecting Fate 450 1 No
Remnants of a Beautiful Day 475 3 Yes
Remnants of a Beautiful Day (2012) 450 1 No
Reset 1-1 375 3 Yes
Rest House 425 5 No
Retro Space Shooter 525 5 No
Rhythm Destruction 500 4 Yes
Riaaf The Spider 500 2 No
Rich life simulator VR 500 1 No
Ringies 350 1 No
Robo Do It 625 1 Yes
Robo-orders 525 3 Yes
Romopolis 650 5 Yes
Rover Rescue 400 3 No
Run Away 425 4 Yes
Ruthless Safari 425 4 Yes
SQR 2 425 4 No
SUDOKU 400 1 No
Salvation in Corruption 475 1 No
Sandstorm 525 2 Yes
Save Home 450 2 Yes
Seek Not a Lighthouse 525 2 No
Septic Savages 550 2 No
Shadows 2: Perfidia 500 1 Yes
Shape Shifter 250 2 Yes
Shift 475 4 Yes
Shufflepuck Cantina Deluxe 425 5 Yes
Singularity Roller 425 5 No
Sinister City 625 3 Yes
Six Sides of the World 525 3 Yes
Sky Jump 375 3 No
Smithy 575 3 Yes
Snail Bob 2: Tiny Troubles 375 1 Yes
Snik 550 2 Yes
Snowball! 350 3 No
Snowman 550 5 Yes
So Many Cubes 225 4 No
Solaright 425 4 No
Solarix 250 1 Yes
Space Beret 250 3 Yes
Space Chaos 525 5 No
Space Hit 425 1 No
Space Incident 500 1 Yes
Space of Darkness 425 1 No
Spacecraft 375 4 Yes
Spectrubes 625 5 Yes
Spheroid 450 3 No
Spikit 275 3 Yes
Square n Fair 575 1 Yes
Star Drifter 450 2 Yes
Star Fields 500 3 Yes
Star Merc 400 4 Yes
StarFence: Heroic Edition 100 5 No
StarFringe: Adversus 100 1 No
Stars Simulation 500 1 Yes
Starving 525 4 Yes
State of Anarchy 275 3 Yes
Steel Punk Ball 450 5 No
Stone Age Wars 525 4 Yes
Story of the Survivor : Prisoner 425 4 No
Strange Things 375 2 No
Super Duper Flying Genocide 2017 625 2 Yes
Super Hardcore 200 5 No
Super Mega Neo Pug 200 3 Yes
Super Space Pug 600 4 Yes
Super Switch 350 2 No
Surfasaurus 500 3 Yes
Survival Tycoon 525 2 No
Survival driver 2: Heavy vehicles 575 4 No
Surviving in the forest 525 3 Yes
SweatShop 475 2 Yes
TILE 425 4 No
TacoFace 550 1 No
Take Thy Throne 275 5 Yes
TangramsVR 600 4 No
Tank Assault X 500 3 Yes
Tank Blast 475 3 Yes
Tap Heroes 400 1 Yes
Tarim 275 4 No
Taxi 425 5 No
Tenrow 625 5 Yes
The Agony 525 1 Yes
The Big Elk 450 4 Yes
The Deer 200 3 Yes
The God Paradox 475 4 No
The Housewife 500 4 Yes
The I of the Dragon 350 1 Yes
The Interview 475 1 No
The Journey: Bob s Story 425 3 Yes
The Last Error 500 2 Yes
The Last Hope 425 3 Yes
The Last Mission 400 3 No
The Magical Silence 500 4 Yes
The Moon Night 350 2 Yes
The Oil Blue: Steam Legacy Edition 525 1 No
The Orb Chambers 525 2 Yes
The Prism 425 4 No
The Quest for Achievements II 475 4 No
The Return Home 475 3 Yes
The Spirit Underneath 450 1 Yes
The Thirst of Hearts 375 2 Yes
The Village 475 1 No
The face of hope: Underground 450 1 Yes
The guard of dungeon 550 3 Yes
Three Digits 400 4 Yes
Timbertales 600 3 No
To Ash 400 5 Yes
Tompi Jones 400 5 No
Top Hat 450 2 No
Town of Night 250 1 Yes
Triangle 600 1 Yes
Triple Otakus Puzzle 375 4 No
Trolley Gold 575 3 Yes
Trouble In The Manor 625 2 Yes
Truffle Saga 100 5 No
Turbo Pug 3D 300 1 Yes
Turbo Pug DX 325 4 Yes
Two Digits 425 3 Yes
Undead Hunter 425 5 Yes
Unearthing Colossal 425 4 Yes
Unforgiving Trials: The Darkest Crusade 325 5 Yes
Unforgiving Trials: The Space Crusade 300 3 Yes
Unite Cell 425 2 No
Universe in Fire 375 1 Yes
Unknown Pharaoh 425 4 No
Uriel s Chasm 425 4 Yes
VITATIO 2 500 2 Yes
VR Snowballs 375 5 No
Visitors: Marine Invasion 450 4 No
War Cube 425 2 Yes
War on Folvos 475 1 No
Warriors of Vilvatikta 325 5 Yes
Way of Hero 625 2 Yes
Way to Go! 450 2 No
Western FPS 550 2 Yes
Winter Novel 600 2 Yes
Woodlands 475 4 No
Word Killer: Revolution 650 4 Yes
Word Killer: Zorgilonian Chronicles 550 5 Yes
Xbird 500 2 Yes
Zamarian 625 3 No
Zeus Quest Remastered 575 1 Yes
Zombie Shooter 450 3 No
ZombieCarz 425 3 Yes
Zotrix 1500 5 Yes
Zpeciation: Tough Days (TD) 325 4 Yes
dead_file.exe 425 5 No
rooMaze 500 1 Yes
submitted by LeCoffee27 to dogemarket [link] [comments]

Subreddit Stats: mtgfinance top posts from 2013-05-03 to 2017-12-13 19:26 PDT

Period: 1684.90 days
Submissions Comments
Total 1000 49956
Rate (per day) 0.59 29.63
Unique Redditors 514 6710
Combined Score 47701 200546

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 2330 points, 58 submissions: SaffronOlive
    1. Announcing: Modern Masters 2015 Edition. (81 points, 155 comments)
    2. Modern Decks Cost 25 Percent More Today than Six Months Ago (78 points, 59 comments)
    3. How Wizards Manages its Savings Account (72 points, 18 comments)
    4. Fake decklists/tournaments being used in an attempt to spike Dramatic Entrance (from magictcg). (69 points, 28 comments)
    5. Breaking Down the Modern Masters 2015 Announcement (66 points, 83 comments)
    6. Anchovies and the Decreasing Price of KTK. (63 points, 52 comments)
    7. The Great Buylist Review (Part 1: Intro through SCG) (61 points, 42 comments)
    8. Pascal Maynard's #FoilGoyf on eBay (55 points, 52 comments)
    9. Preparing for Rotation: Theros (53 points, 38 comments)
    10. The Great Buylist Review (Part 2: ABU Through Shipping) (50 points, 24 comments)
  2. 1509 points, 27 submissions: kodin
    1. [AKH] Aven Mindcensor In At Rare! (158 points, 74 comments)
    2. [MM3] TARMOGOYF (126 points, 161 comments)
    3. [MM3] Snapcaster Mage at Mythic (96 points, 99 comments)
    4. [Iconic Masters] Horizon Canopy at rare! (82 points, 60 comments)
    5. Aetherworks Marvel is banned (81 points, 166 comments)
    6. SaffronOlive's "The Expected Value of Modern Masters 2017". With a Small Personal Tweak. (74 points, 39 comments)
    7. [MM3] Hoof, There It Is! (74 points, 20 comments)
    8. [SPIKE] Protean Hulk (61 points, 94 comments)
    9. Commander 2017 Set of 4 Decks on Massdrop for Under $100 (59 points, 19 comments)
    10. [Iconic] Flusterstorm!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! (Rare!) (59 points, 32 comments)
  3. 1273 points, 19 submissions: hp94
    1. Investment Vehicles (246 points, 40 comments)
    2. Memes are an indicator of a fast growing, healthy subreddit. (160 points, 11 comments)
    3. How Timmys Become Rudys (130 points, 54 comments)
    4. Weekly Online Store Sales Thread #1 (108 points, 21 comments)
    5. [Meme] In light of Alpha Investments insider trading gossip... (84 points, 114 comments)
    6. MRW I'm bag holding a bunch of rares that show up in Iconic Masters (75 points, 14 comments)
    7. Weekly Sales Thread #2 (49 points, 13 comments)
    8. Weekly Sales Thread #16 (46 points, 32 comments)
    9. Weekly Sales Thread #3 (42 points, 7 comments)
    10. Weekly Sales Thread #8 (42 points, 16 comments)
  4. 1249 points, 21 submissions: Manadyne
    1. New Judge Promos: Capture of Jingzhou (120 points, 35 comments)
    2. [C17] Cat Tribal Deck (115 points, 39 comments)
    3. FTV: Transform card list, includes J:VP (98 points, 116 comments)
    4. [MM3] Death's Shadow (96 points, 48 comments)
    5. Masterpieces. Expeditions in every set! (95 points, 137 comments)
    6. [MM3] Liliana of the Veil (75 points, 49 comments)
    7. [C16] All 4 commanders in each deck to be foiled. (66 points, 31 comments)
    8. Wizards announces new Standard Rewards program (60 points, 92 comments)
    9. The Future of Modern (or lack thereof) (52 points, 59 comments)
    10. Channel Fireball announces Frontier side events at GPs this year (48 points, 34 comments)
  5. 967 points, 26 submissions: RoseofThorns
    1. I was one of the TCGplayer stores who sold Master of Waves at 5.00 ea before the spike. (77 points, 14 comments)
    2. What Wizards Wants: Reprints (77 points, 116 comments)
    3. The Cost of Buying Too Soon (53 points, 18 comments)
    4. The Finance Article That Reddit Wants (49 points, 29 comments)
    5. Low, Mid, and High: Then vs. Now (48 points, 7 comments)
    6. The Reasons Why I Hate Magic Finance (47 points, 28 comments)
    7. New TCGplayer Direct Buylist (44 points, 28 comments)
    8. The Wealth Effect (39 points, 17 comments)
    9. Nothing is Sacred (38 points, 7 comments)
    10. Post Prerelease Panic (36 points, 6 comments)
  6. 867 points, 18 submissions: JasonEAltMTG
    1. PSA - Why is this card spiking? (128 points, 50 comments)
    2. As promised, here is the first unlocked Insider Article (93 points, 46 comments)
    3. Where do we need the most help? (69 points, 74 comments)
    4. Do we still want unlocked QS articles? (65 points, 49 comments)
    5. Anthony Capece - The Unwilling Speculators (63 points, 66 comments)
    6. Anthony Capece - Rare is the New Uncommon (50 points, 36 comments)
    7. Holding yourself accountable (46 points, 25 comments)
    8. A few days early- here's the second unlocked QS article (43 points, 38 comments)
    9. My position on Shock Lands (37 points, 66 comments)
    10. Another unlocked QS Insider Article for you (34 points, 12 comments)
  7. 785 points, 19 submissions: Chosler88
    1. Why Standard Costs $700 (62 points, 43 comments)
    2. Splinter Twin – the Ban, the Reaction, and the Fallout (60 points, 42 comments)
    3. A Note About Card Spikes (59 points, 49 comments)
    4. Point-Counterpoint: Is Legacy Fading? (56 points, 84 comments)
    5. Reinventing the Expedition — Why Masterpieces are good for Standard (53 points, 42 comments)
    6. Why Eye Of Ugin Is The Ban (52 points, 42 comments)
    7. Running financial coverage of the World Championship (48 points, 14 comments)
    8. Penny Stocks of Tarkir (45 points, 27 comments)
    9. Modern Masters 2(015). R-E-L-A-X. (37 points, 11 comments)
    10. The Future of Fetch (37 points, 37 comments)
  8. 662 points, 16 submissions: Deathspiral222
    1. How To Trade Into A Black Lotus: Anatomy of a Deal (87 points, 39 comments)
    2. A Case Study: Goblin Rabblemaster (63 points, 20 comments)
    3. My Spec Quadrupled But I Only Made $.75 Each (58 points, 44 comments)
    4. Pro Tour Khans of Tarkir Coverage (Day 2) - Liliana is being reprinted! (52 points, 36 comments)
    5. Cheap Shocklands (48 points, 63 comments)
    6. Grand Prix New Jersey: Dealer Report (43 points, 22 comments)
    7. Help us built the ultimate MTG Finance app! (41 points, 67 comments)
    8. Only God and Forsythe Can Judge Me (34 points, 23 comments)
    9. "Legacy is going to die" (33 points, 145 comments)
    10. Gods Part I: The Theros Five (32 points, 6 comments)
  9. 558 points, 15 submissions: Phrost_
    1. #1 Reason why Spellskite will be $40 in a few weeks (58 points, 114 comments)
    2. Grinder Finance - The Price of Standard is Too Damn High (54 points, 20 comments)
    3. Grinder Finance – Preparing For The Rotation Part 2 (52 points, 37 comments)
    4. My newest article answers a lot of questions in this sub (43 points, 9 comments)
    5. Grinder Finance - Kozilek's Return (37 points, 10 comments)
    6. Grinder Finance – WTF is Printing and Collation? (37 points, 0 comments)
    7. Grinder Finance - How to ship a Magic card (36 points, 33 comments)
    8. Grinder Finance - Analyzing Buyouts (34 points, 10 comments)
    9. Grinder Finance - The Battle for Zendikar.... Expeditions (34 points, 17 comments)
    10. Grinder Finance – Looking into the Expedition effect (33 points, 11 comments)
  10. 485 points, 14 submissions: TrypticonX
    1. Best of MTG Black Friday Deals ( (58 points, 34 comments)
    2. Super Collection: Diary of a Big Collection Flip (54 points, 33 comments)
    3. Pro Tour Eldritch Moon MTGFinance Coverage: Day 1 (41 points, 13 comments)
    4. [Article] The Ethics of MTGFinance (41 points, 76 comments)
    5. MM2 Tarmogoyf Price Prediction Math (Let's Figure This Out) (35 points, 98 comments)
    6. Digging for Dollars: Battle for Zendikar (31 points, 36 comments)
    7. GP Toronto Vendor Report: Day 1 (30 points, 8 comments)
    8. Pro Tour: Shadows Over Innistrad MTGFinance Coverage (Day 2) (30 points, 8 comments)
    9. THE SUPER COLLECTION: DIARY OF A BIG COLLECTION FLIP (PT 2) (30 points, 3 comments)
    10. Pro Oath of the Gatewatch: Live Coverage (29 points, 40 comments)
  11. 459 points, 9 submissions: VersusX
    1. MM3 prices have dropped 32% for mythics, and 44% for rares - and they will still drop! (146 points, 119 comments)
    2. MM17 and Amonkhet Packaging & other info! (56 points, 156 comments)
    3. HASCON and Iconic Masters Info (43 points, 109 comments)
    4. Jace VP is now $47. Is this real? (42 points, 163 comments)
    5. Iconic Masters has a massive development team (39 points, 122 comments)
    6. Modern Pro Tour is back! (39 points, 34 comments)
    7. Zirilan of the Claw (Reserved List) & Yidris - gone from TCG (39 points, 80 comments)
    8. KTK fetches - drop much at rotation? (28 points, 32 comments)
    9. Do we need to talk about FRONTIER? (27 points, 158 comments)
  12. 433 points, 3 submissions: smartplaya5244
    1. Troll and toad hoarding Protean Hulks (346 points, 208 comments)
    2. Hasbro shares up 15%, ups dividends, mtg growth? (51 points, 42 comments)
    3. PSA Gideon Jura reprint in Archenemy (36 points, 8 comments)
  13. 430 points, 10 submissions: shor
    1. 117 million Booster Packs were Produced In 2016 (in the U.S) - Magic: The Gathering, Hasbro Investor Day 2017 Presentation (80 points, 45 comments)
    2. [Album] How Did Magic Perform In 2014? What's New In 2015? Slides From Hasbro's 2015 Investor Day (56 points, 42 comments)
    3. Who Wins, Modern Masters or Modern Masters 2? Full List of Mythic & Rare Prices (47 points, 43 comments)
    4. The Expected Value of Modern Masters 2015 | MTGGoldfish (41 points, 39 comments)
    5. [Album] How Did Magic Perform in 2015? What's The Outlook For 2016? From Hasbro's 2016 Investor Day Update" X-Post from /MagicTCG (38 points, 20 comments)
    6. Macro: The Fundamental Challenge for Magic: The Gathering and Wizards of the Coast (37 points, 14 comments)
    7. [SeekingAlpha Contributor] Hasbro's Magic: The Gathering Franchise Is Poised For Immense Growth Long Term (37 points, 14 comments)
    8. Hasbro Q4 Earnings Call: Battle For Zendikar most successful set launch ever. Also 2017 for the next Magic platform (34 points, 27 comments)
    9. Hasbro Q2 earnings call actual transcript (30 points, 53 comments)
    10. How To Spot Fakes Without Special Equipment (x-post /magictcg) (30 points, 18 comments)
  14. 384 points, 7 submissions: goldenCapitalist
    1. Damnation Reprint in MM17 (91 points, 40 comments)
    2. Wheel of Fortune is up to over $100 due to a buyout. (79 points, 56 comments)
    3. MaRo updates on the rarity of UNS foil basics (74 points, 40 comments)
    4. PSA - TCGPlayer has changed how they calculate their prices; cards across the board have drastically fallen in price. (48 points, 20 comments)
    5. Fetchlands: An Investment Guide for 2015 (36 points, 34 comments)
    6. All 10 Shocklands from RTR have seen an increase of an average of 4.6% over the past 3 weeks. (28 points, 20 comments)
    7. [Spike] Leovold, Emissary of Trest (28 points, 32 comments)
  15. 331 points, 1 submission: cwilliams467
    1. The state of print quality. Out of pack delaminating cards. On $10 boosters..... (331 points, 143 comments)
  16. 310 points, 2 submissions: Squishyflapp
    1. PSA: dont use Alter Reality Games for buylisting (238 points, 70 comments)
    2. Another excellent article from Seth about reprint equity and the future of reprints. (72 points, 81 comments)
  17. 309 points, 3 submissions: Bouq_
    1. September FNM promo is Fatal push (203 points, 118 comments)
    2. Masters 25 Set - Masters set with cards from all 25 years of Magic, due March 2018. DISCUSS! (63 points, 120 comments)
    3. What is the ceiling on Fatal push? (43 points, 44 comments)
  18. 296 points, 4 submissions: Goyfs-R-Us
    1. Continuing the Trend of Baffling decisions by wizards, FNM Promo's have been replaced by foil Tokens. (155 points, 122 comments)
    2. Real or Fake? (61 points, 35 comments)
    3. Long rumored MTG MMORPG Officially announced. (50 points, 61 comments)
    4. Sanctum Prelate (30 points, 24 comments)
  19. 295 points, 4 submissions: punninglinguist
    1. Spike: Eldrazi Skyspawner (188 points, 28 comments)
    2. [MTGO] Most of the foil bulk mythics from M15 and Theros block roughly doubled in price on March 1st 2015. This date bears no relation to the redemption schedule or standard rotation. What happened? (43 points, 15 comments)
    3. Are there any Legacy or Vintage playables that you're expecting in Eternal Masters simply because they could lead to good limited play? (34 points, 130 comments)
    4. [MTGO] Has anyone been keeping track of the actual value they get from Treasure Chests? Here are my limited results so far. (30 points, 40 comments)
  20. 270 points, 5 submissions: drakeblood4
    1. TCGPlayer to begin having foreign card listing (87 points, 18 comments)
    2. Maro confirms no Zen fetches in BFZ, wizards collectively puts foot in mouth (82 points, 179 comments)
    3. [Math] Master of Waves vs. Eidolon of the Great Revel (38 points, 53 comments)
    4. CFB has pauper GP sides scheduled for January, and they're dipping their toes in the idea of a pauper gP. What penny stock cards should we be looking at? (33 points, 25 comments)
    5. [Discussion, Called Shots, Long] Reprinting Fetchlands (30 points, 47 comments)
  21. 265 points, 3 submissions: magictheblathering
    1. These two cards are an infinite combo. (185 points, 93 comments)
    2. Vengevine (48 points, 40 comments)
    3. What are you currently speculating on? (32 points, 152 comments)
  22. 262 points, 3 submissions: xDragod
    1. [AER] Aether Revolt Masterpieces (91 points, 126 comments)
    2. [KLD] Chandra, Torch of Defiance (87 points, 94 comments)
    3. [KLD] Enemy Fastlands (84 points, 39 comments)
  23. 252 points, 2 submissions: deadwings112
    1. Potential Spikes thanks to Modern Masters 2017 (142 points, 79 comments)
    2. Not all Reprints are Alike (110 points, 36 comments)
  24. 249 points, 6 submissions: swegen9
    1. Shout out to haplessmagician - currently in 12th place at the biggest Magic tournament ever (79 points, 15 comments)
    2. Aaron Forsythe rules out fetchland reprints until 2015. (46 points, 109 comments)
    3. [META] mtgfinance will not be going dark (35 points, 34 comments)
    4. SDCC Panel Megathread (32 points, 113 comments)
    5. GP Watch: Minneapolis (29 points, 48 comments)
    6. [META] Community Values and Posting Guidelines. (28 points, 24 comments)
  25. 248 points, 7 submissions: jmarsh642
    1. Insurance and Your Collection (59 points, 48 comments)
    2. Circle of Protection: Life (Insurance and Your Collection) (47 points, 13 comments)
    3. Battle for Zendikar Event Deck (33 points, 49 comments)
    4. The Science of Magic: is Modern pay-to-win? (32 points, 45 comments)
    5. Walgreens has 40% Off Magic, Pokemon and Yugioh TCGs (27 points, 35 comments)
    6. Magic Market for the Rest of Us: Don’t (25 points, 31 comments)
    7. Weekend Update for 10/4/2014 (25 points, 38 comments)
  26. 237 points, 5 submissions: Kenoxkenner
    1. BACK AGAIN! $15 off $75 eBay (67 points, 60 comments)
    2. EBAY $15 off $75 BACK! (50 points, 55 comments)
    3. 15$ off 75$ BACK AGAIN! Whooo!! (47 points, 55 comments)
    4. EBAY $15 off $75 (46 points, 40 comments)
    5. Potential 10$ eBay gift cards, instructions included! (27 points, 43 comments)
  27. 235 points, 5 submissions: BorosWreckingHer
    1. Iconic Masters and its poor Marketing (81 points, 140 comments)
    2. PSA: Hareruya, Quality of Service and shipping to Canada (47 points, 41 comments)
    3. Mass pack openings by large retailers (43 points, 40 comments)
    4. SCG Prices dropping + Upping their buy price for bulk common/uncommon (34 points, 32 comments)
    5. what are magic's most liquid cards? (30 points, 44 comments)
  28. 222 points, 3 submissions: WaffleSandwhiches
    1. Hide your bitcoins. Seance is reprinted (97 points, 52 comments)
    2. What ever Happened To Seance Guy? (93 points, 161 comments)
    3. Archangel Avacyn is spiking hard, TCGMid of 50 now (32 points, 82 comments)
  29. 220 points, 7 submissions: GHChinMTG
    1. Blue Ugin & the Most Expensive Dragons in Magic (34 points, 10 comments)
    2. Deep Analysis of Ugin's Current and Future (Financial) Fate (34 points, 21 comments)
    3. Commander Foils: Red Commander Staple Foils with Room to Grow (33 points, 26 comments)
    4. Snapcaster RPTQ Promo: A Win for All (32 points, 23 comments)
    5. Battling for Zendikar with the Dragonlords (30 points, 3 comments)
    6. Dragon Sickness and Acquiring Foil Fetches on the Cheap (30 points, 11 comments)
    7. Hall of the Dragonlords: the mtgfinance of the Elder Dragons (27 points, 25 comments)
  30. 218 points, 1 submission: WindexChugger
    1. Spec Report - Checklands (218 points, 65 comments)
  31. 202 points, 2 submissions: rogue_LOVE
    1. Friendly Reminder: This is Why We Don't Pre-order. :) (171 points, 70 comments)
    2. Eidolon of the great Revel beginning to spike (31 points, 53 comments)
  32. 198 points, 3 submissions: mtg_liebestod
    1. Store Attempts to Manipulate PucaTrade EMA Prices for Profit; Gets Banned (93 points, 62 comments)
    2. Why do land prices go up? (Discussion/rant about mtgfinance) (59 points, 70 comments)
    3. TCGPlayer buyer asserts that KTK fetches he bought are fake - how to handle? (46 points, 64 comments)
  33. 194 points, 1 submission: Blazing_Arrows
    1. When your specs don't pan out. (194 points, 84 comments)
  34. 193 points, 1 submission: TCGplayerdotcom
    1. TCGplayer Official Announcement - Our Response to Buyouts (193 points, 57 comments)
  35. 186 points, 4 submissions: borisyelt7
    1. In two months, MM 2017 Box EV will be below $140 (88 points, 124 comments)
    2. Contrarian viewpoint: Spike-decline behavior are a sign of a healthy Magic Finance market (36 points, 45 comments)
    3. How many unopened boxes of english legends exist? antiquities? arabian nights? unlimited? beta? alpha? (34 points, 20 comments)
    4. How can i find a sealed Arabian nights booster box? (28 points, 33 comments)
  36. 186 points, 1 submission: 93-334
    1. This feeling ... (186 points, 336 comments)
  37. 182 points, 3 submissions: djpattiecake
    1. Guru lands will reach their peak price monday 8/21. MARK MY WORDS (119 points, 18 comments)
    2. [SPIKE] Thrasios, Triton Hero (34 points, 25 comments)
    3. Aetherworks marvel nearly gone on tcgplayer (29 points, 20 comments)
  38. 173 points, 2 submissions: mindspank
    1. SCG has been vacuuming reserved items on MCM (126 points, 136 comments)
    2. [Spec] Nahiri, the Harbinger (47 points, 53 comments)
  39. 172 points, 3 submissions: TimothyN
    1. No surprise, no RL cards to be in Iconic Masters (101 points, 160 comments)
    2. Modern Event deck and what does it mean for Modern staples? (47 points, 57 comments)
    3. Edric's potential and Legacy's metagame. (24 points, 27 comments)
  40. 171 points, 1 submission: AMonsterr
    1. Relieved my local GameStop of $16 worth of boosters, check your's too (171 points, 126 comments)
  41. 164 points, 1 submission: underworldconnection
    1. Can we just not... (164 points, 216 comments)
  42. 163 points, 3 submissions: SanderMage
    1. [BUYOUT] [Diminishing Stock]Four cards almost gone (86 points, 116 comments)
    2. Quillspike? More like Quillspiked! (40 points, 33 comments)
    3. Financial Flotation-Effect Matrix (37 points, 30 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. kodin (2675 points, 452 comments)
  2. sirgog (2294 points, 577 comments)
  3. JasonEAltMTG (2107 points, 386 comments)
  4. Chosler88 (1511 points, 304 comments)
  5. BorosWreckingHer (1436 points, 249 comments)
  6. Rock-swarm (1349 points, 365 comments)
  7. Sneet1 (1247 points, 186 comments)
  8. Blenderhead36 (1188 points, 221 comments)
  9. mrenglish22 (1131 points, 297 comments)
  10. Flexbufchest12 (1124 points, 182 comments)
  11. Manadyne (1111 points, 81 comments)
  12. testthewest (1060 points, 249 comments)
  13. stravant (950 points, 249 comments)
  14. stitches_extra (912 points, 351 comments)
  15. SaffronOlive (851 points, 275 comments)
  16. mtd14 (819 points, 154 comments)
  17. mtg_liebestod (813 points, 282 comments)
  18. Phrost_ (805 points, 165 comments)
  19. deadwings112 (800 points, 172 comments)
  20. BlurryPeople (790 points, 140 comments)
  21. VulcanHades (786 points, 103 comments)
  22. HaplessMagician (784 points, 288 comments)
  23. TheRecovery (709 points, 122 comments)
  24. RoseofThorns (702 points, 210 comments)
  25. Jaccount (702 points, 165 comments)
  26. goldenCapitalist (676 points, 100 comments)
  27. drakeblood4 (616 points, 138 comments)
  28. DRUMS11 (604 points, 141 comments)
  29. MrPractical1 (604 points, 70 comments)
  30. Jaereth (595 points, 196 comments)
  31. blindfremen (586 points, 120 comments)
  32. ELESH_NORN_DAMNIT (584 points, 149 comments)
  33. desymond (572 points, 125 comments)
  34. regalrecaller (568 points, 159 comments)
  35. hp94 (558 points, 105 comments)
  36. Daotar (549 points, 188 comments)
  37. Faux1975 (545 points, 221 comments)
  38. MTGKaioshin (526 points, 90 comments)
  39. k0zmir (504 points, 52 comments)
  40. BenBleiweiss (477 points, 37 comments)
  41. elconquistador1985 (475 points, 90 comments)
  42. kellyreid (473 points, 96 comments)
  43. TrypticonX (469 points, 148 comments)
  44. VersusX (469 points, 73 comments)
  45. jnugnevermoves (465 points, 92 comments)
  46. BatHickey (446 points, 137 comments)
  47. ChrisTosi (444 points, 98 comments)
  48. TheCardNexus (441 points, 103 comments)
  49. remyseven (438 points, 148 comments)
  50. WigginIII (426 points, 112 comments)
  51. The_Upvote_Beagle (421 points, 72 comments)
  52. SweetSupremacy (418 points, 50 comments)
  53. gamblekat (415 points, 52 comments)
  54. Squishyflapp (412 points, 71 comments)
  55. Shabuti (411 points, 55 comments)
  56. RichardArschmann (406 points, 105 comments)
  57. MrStealYourMemes (398 points, 6 comments)
  58. Yagoua81 (391 points, 125 comments)
  59. DJPad (386 points, 103 comments)
  60. Halt-I-am-Reptar (368 points, 65 comments)
  61. justMate (365 points, 106 comments)
  62. SageOfKeralKeep (363 points, 77 comments)
  63. daphex2 (362 points, 88 comments)
  64. WaterFlask (358 points, 109 comments)
  65. CrazyLeprechaun (358 points, 97 comments)
  66. Krond (358 points, 41 comments)
  67. surgingchaos (351 points, 29 comments)
  68. abobtosis (349 points, 91 comments)
  69. mikemckin (347 points, 111 comments)
  70. punninglinguist (345 points, 82 comments)
  71. jchodes (343 points, 59 comments)
  72. DFGdanger (342 points, 62 comments)
  73. willaeon (342 points, 42 comments)
  74. Umezete (339 points, 103 comments)
  75. TheFudgeFactory (339 points, 44 comments)
  76. Nyctanolis (337 points, 57 comments)
  77. individual_throwaway (335 points, 98 comments)
  78. Older_Man_Of_The_Sea (334 points, 109 comments)
  79. Chiwotweiler (334 points, 73 comments)
  80. Magidex42 (333 points, 85 comments)
  81. cromonolith (333 points, 45 comments)
  82. GrafdiggerIstvan (330 points, 143 comments)
  83. jvLin (330 points, 102 comments)
  84. DontGetMadGetGood (330 points, 65 comments)
  85. anthony1988 (329 points, 60 comments)
  86. chrisrazor (327 points, 98 comments)
  87. Cujucuyo (324 points, 41 comments)
  88. heptaflex (323 points, 40 comments)
  89. swegen9 (322 points, 74 comments)
  90. Sansia (322 points, 49 comments)
  91. WigglestonTheFourth (322 points, 20 comments)
  92. longtimegoneMTGO (320 points, 70 comments)
  93. Reedobandito (320 points, 38 comments)
  94. StefanoBlack (318 points, 139 comments)
  95. EternalPhi (318 points, 110 comments)
  96. Gravityletmedown (316 points, 41 comments)
  97. Kaono (314 points, 55 comments)
  98. tarmogoyf333 (311 points, 36 comments)
  99. Gordonuts (310 points, 72 comments)
  100. naturedoesnotwalk (308 points, 47 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. Troll and toad hoarding Protean Hulks by smartplaya5244 (346 points, 208 comments)
  2. The state of print quality. Out of pack delaminating cards. On $10 boosters..... by cwilliams467 (331 points, 143 comments)
  3. SCG hikes prices of blue dual lands 24 Hours before WotC announces Legacy at the Pro Tour by deleted (251 points, 186 comments)
  4. Investment Vehicles by hp94 (246 points, 40 comments)
  5. PSA: dont use Alter Reality Games for buylisting by Squishyflapp (238 points, 70 comments)
  6. Spec Report - Checklands by WindexChugger (218 points, 65 comments)
  7. September FNM promo is Fatal push by Bouq_ (203 points, 118 comments)
  8. When your specs don't pan out. by Blazing_Arrows (194 points, 84 comments)
  9. TCGplayer Official Announcement - Our Response to Buyouts by TCGplayerdotcom (193 points, 57 comments)
  10. Spike: Eldrazi Skyspawner by punninglinguist (188 points, 28 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 296 points: MrStealYourMemes's comment in How do people feel about the aggressive reprint policy?
  2. 205 points: void_magic's comment in Quality of magic cards going downhill
  3. 179 points: DrManhatt4n's comment in SCG hikes prices of blue dual lands 24 Hours before WotC announces Legacy at the Pro Tour
  4. 171 points: Korlithiel's comment in The state of print quality. Out of pack delaminating cards. On $10 boosters.....
  5. 162 points: VulcanHades's comment in Oh BTW. Every Unstable booster will have a foil token.
  6. 162 points: WigglestonTheFourth's comment in Sell your humans
  7. 156 points: TheGuyInAShirtAndTie's comment in PSA - Why is this card spiking?
  8. 155 points: speaketh's comment in Did I rip this person off, or just get a good deal?
  9. 153 points: Gravityletmedown's comment in What is the ceiling on Fatal push?
  10. 150 points: lotusmaglite's comment in Why is iconic masters tanking?
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